ਗੁਰੂ ਅਰਜੁਨ ਦੇਵ
Guru Arjan Dev Ji (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਅਰਜੁਨ ਦੇਵ) (Sunday May 2 1563 – Monday June 16 1606) was the fifth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism who became Guru on 16 September, 1581, following the footsteps of Guru Ram Das Ji. He was born in Goindval, Punjab. He was the youngest son of Guru Ram Das and Bibi Bhani, the daughter of Guru Amar Das.
Hewas the embodiment of Godly devotion, Selfless Service and Universal Love. He was the treasure of celestial knowledge and spiritual excellence. He substantially contributed towards the welfare of the society. He stood steadfastly for the principles he believed in, sacrificed his own life, and attained a unique and unparalleled martyrdom in the history of mankind.
Guru Arjan Dev Ji was born on April 15, 1563, in the house of Guru Ram Das, the fourth Guru. He was the youngest of the three sons of Guru Ram Das Ji. His oldest brother, Prithi Chand was very astute in social and worldly affairs. He was noted for his diligent management of all the affairs of the Guru’s household, including the running of the langar (communal kitchen).
The second son, Mahadeve was captivated with reclusive tendencies. He wanted to lead the life of an ascetic. His attitude, full of fierce interactions towards the congregants, was contrary to the modesty of the Guru’s teachings. Moreover, he himself displayed no inclination for the acceptance of the Guruship.