SIKH GURUS

Guru Nanak Dev Ji    ਗੁਰੂ ਨਾਨਕ ਦੇਵ

Guru Nanak Dev Ji (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਨਾਨਕ), the founder and first Guru of Sikhism, was born in the year 1469, in the village Talwandi which is located in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent. The village, now known as Nankana Sahib, is situated near the city of Lahore in present day Pakistan.

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Guru Angad Dev Ji    ਗੁਰੂ ਅੰਗਦ ਦੇਵ

Guru Angad Dev Ji (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਅੰਗਦ ਦੇਵ) (Thursday March 31, 1504 – Saturday April 16, 1552), Nanak II, was the second of the ten human form Gurus (divine messengers) of the Sikh faith.Guru Ji was born with birth name Lehna in the year 1504 at Harike, Amritsar, Punjab, to father Bhai Pheru Mall Ji and mother Mata Sabhrai Ji (also known Daya Kaur).

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Guru Amar Das Ji    ਗੁਰੂ ਅਮਰ ਦਾਸ

Guru Amar Das Sahib Ji (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਅਮਰ ਦਾਸ) (Sunday 23 May, 1479 – Thursday 16 September, 1574), Nanak III, was the third of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on Saturday, 16 April, 1552 at the age of 73, following the footsteps of Sri Guru Angad Dev Sahib ji, who left for his heavenly abode on 29 March, 1552, aged 48.

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Guru Ram Das Ji    ਗੁਰੂ ਰਾਮ ਦਾਸ

Sri Guru Ram Das Ji (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਰਾਮ ਦਾਸ) (Friday 9 October, 1534 – Saturday 16 September, 1581) was the fourth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism. Guru Ji was born in the year of 1534 in the city of Lahore to parents Bhai Hari Das ji and Mata Anup Devi Ji, with the birth name Jetha.

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Guru Arjun Dev Ji    ਗੁਰੂ ਅਰਜੁਨ ਦੇਵ

Guru Arjan Dev Ji (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਅਰਜੁਨ ਦੇਵ) (Sunday May 2 1563 – Monday June 16 1606) was the fifth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism who became Guru on 16 September, 1581, following the footsteps of Guru Ram Das Ji. He was born in Goindval, Punjab. He was the youngest son of Guru Ram Das and Bibi Bhani, the daughter of Guru Amar Das.

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Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji    ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ

Guru HarGobind Ji (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ) (Monday, 19 June, 1595 – Tuesday, March 19, 1644) was the sixth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism. He became Guru on the 11 of June, 1606, following the footsteps of his father, Guru Arjan Dev Ji. While the ceremonial rites were being performed by Baba Buddha Ji, Guru HarGobind Ji asked Baba Buddha Ji to adorn him with a sword rather than the Seli of Guru Nanak Dev Ji which had been used previously by the earlier Gurus.

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Guru Har Rai Ji    ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿ ਰਾਇ

Guru Har Rai Ji (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿ ਰਾਇ) (31 January 1630 – 20 October 1661) was the seventh of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on Tuesday, 19 March, 1644 following the footsteps of his grandfather, Guru Har Gobind Ji. Before Guru Ji died, he nominated Guru Har Krishan Ji, his son, as the next Guru of the Sikhs.

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Guru Har Krishan Ji     ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿ ਕ੍ਰਿਸ਼ਨ

Sri Guru Har Krishan Sahib Ji (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿ ਕ੍ਰਿਸ਼ਨ) (Wednesday, 23 July 1656 – Saturday, 16 April 1664) was the eighth of the Ten human form Gurus (divine messengers) of Sikhism. He was the second son of the seventh Guru, Sri Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji and Mata Krishan Kaur Ji (Sulakhni Ji). Before passing away in 1661, Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji had declared that his younger son Har Krishan, would be the next Sikh Guru. Thus, Har Krishan Sahib ascended to the throne of Guruship on Sunday, 20 October 1661, at the young age of five years.

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Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji     ਗੁਰੂ ਤੇਗ਼ ਬਹਾਦੁਰ

Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਤੇਗ਼ ਬਹਾਦੁਰ) (Wednesday, April 18, 1621 – Wednesday, November 24, 1675), revered by the Sikhs as Srisht-di-Chadar (Protector of humanity), was the ninth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism. He had become Guru on 16 April, 1664, following the footsteps of his grand-nephew and the eighth Guru, Guru Har Krishan Ji.

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Guru Gobind Singh Ji   ਗੁਰੂ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਸਿੰਘ

Guru Gobind Singh Ji (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਸਿੰਘ) (January 5, 16671 – 21 October, 1708), born “Gobind Rai” at Patna Sahib, Bihar, India, was the tenth and last of the human form Gurus of Sikhism. He became Guru on November 24, 1675 at the age of nine, following the martyrdom of his father, the ninth Guru, Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji.

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Shiri Guru Granth Sahib Ji   ਗੁਰੂ ਗ੍ਰੰਥ ਸਾਹਿਬ

Guru Granth Sahib or Adi Sri Granth Sahib Ji (Punjabi ਗੁਰੂ ਗ੍ਰੰਥ ਸਾਹਿਬ; also called the Adi Granth or Adi Guru Darbar) is more than just a scripture of the Sikhs, for the Sikhs regard and respect the Granth (holy book) as their living Guru. The revealed holy text spans 1430 pages and contains the actual words spoken by the founders of the Sikh religion (the Ten Gurus of Sikhism).

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Shiri Harimandir Sahib (Golden Temple)

The Harmandir Sahib, also known as Darbar Sahib (Punjabi pronunciation: [dəɾbaːɾ saːh(ɪ)b]; “Abode of God”, “Exalted Holy Court”), is a Gurdwara located in the city of Amritsar, Punjab, India.[2][3] It is the prominent pilgrimage site of Sikhism.[2][4] It is usually called the Golden Temple in English, because it is plated with gold.

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